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Developing self-regulation through physical play

Find out what self-regulation looks like and how it is supported through rich play experiences. See children feeling in control, setting their own challenges and taking appropriate risks in an environment of warmth.

Good for looking at

  • Self-regulated learning through play
  • Physical play
  • Supporting play
  • Taking risks
  • Cognitive development
  • Emotional development
  • Social development
  • The characteristics of effective learning
00:08
Leo really wants to become mobile and explore.
00:14
Children start off being highly motivated to achieve.
00:19
They're born learners with innate psychological drives
00:22
to become competent and autonomous.
00:32
Leo is highly motivated here to succeed
00:35
and achieve his goal.
00:37
He's determined.
00:47
Lucy is not easily put off by struggle or failure.
01:04
There she is, whoop.
01:06
She wants to become competent.
01:14
Very good, well done.
01:16
Yeah.
01:20
One more time, put your hands down.
01:24
Come on.
01:25
Very good.
01:29
Arthur wants to be able to push the chair
01:43
up the steps and master this tricky skill.
01:44
Uh-oh!
01:45
Uh-oh!
01:47
His brain is aware he needs
01:53
to think about the strategy.
01:60
Children like to set themselves challenges.
01:60
Pop!
02:02
Ah, bop.
02:03
Ah, bop.
02:04
Again.
02:05
Again?
02:07
At back.
02:08
Back.
02:10
These very young children are learning
02:12
difficult new physical skills.
02:15
In a playful way that's under their own control.
02:18
They're focused on achieving their goals.
02:20
They aren't put off by the
02:23
daunting task ahead of them or failure.
02:25
They need to repeat things
02:31
over and over until they've mastered them.
02:57
Nias is highly motivated
02:59
and he's becoming very confident
03:01
about the use of his body.
03:03
His muscle strength is being build up.
03:05
And he's becoming able to co-ordinate
03:09
himself very well.
03:10
What's good about this play
03:12
is that he's learning for himself
03:15
how to develop his physical skills.
03:17
This is called self-regulation.
03:23
And is intrinsic to becoming independent.
03:24
Go!
03:26
Self-regulating children
03:28
learn because they want to.
03:31
The motivation comes from within themselves.
03:39
It's not dependent on external praise.
03:41
This physical play is open ended.
03:44
And Nias is setting his own goals.
03:45
He's developing what's been described
03:47
as a "Can do attitude."
03:54
I got it.
03:57
Persisting and trying again and again.
03:60
And not giving up are elements of this.
04:03
Self-regulation and a can do attitude
04:05
are about children having the capacity
04:09
to regulate their emotional response to difficulty.
04:13
I can't do it.
04:14
Like that?
04:15
That's it.
04:17
I do it.
04:19
This is difficult for Nias
04:20
but he doesn't give up.
04:22
He's constantly trying different ways
04:26
of placing his feet and using his arm muscles
04:30
as he tries slightly different strategies.
04:33
What's the princess called, can you remember?
04:35
It's the princess in our story,
04:38
she was called, are you allright?
04:41
What was she called, it starts with an S.
04:45
Setting your own goals,
04:48
persisting, finding new strategies
04:50
and knowing what has worked.
04:51
Are all attributes of effective
04:55
self-regulated learning.
04:58
Oh careful Jack,
05:02
don't do that otherwise we both might end up on the floor.
05:06
Was she called Sissie, princess Sissie.
05:07
That was Molly's name for her.
05:08
Supporting the development
05:11
of self-regulation is about helping children
05:14
understand how they've learnt something
05:14
I can't.
05:15
I can.
05:16
You can.
05:17
Nadine's praise is specific.
05:19
Look Nias you got all the way
05:21
to the other side, well done.
05:24
You where thinking really carefully about
05:26
where to put your feet.
05:27
Helping Nias be aware
05:28
of how he's learning and progressing.
05:30
Look.
05:31
Let's see if Nias can do it.
05:33
Yeah I can't.
05:34
After trying again and again.
05:36
He's now more competent and confident
05:38
to know how to do it.
05:40
O wow, that' a clever jump in the middle.
05:51
Seth is also persistent.
05:54
His bike won't move easily on the mud.
05:57
He tries to peddle.
06:08
He gets off and pulls.
06:13
Still no good.
06:15
So he pulls from further down
06:16
to get more leverage.
06:23
When one thing isn't working
06:25
trying out different ways of doing things.
06:26
Is another tool for becoming an effective learner.
06:46
Rose is struggling to hammer in a nail.
06:49
But she doesn't give up.
06:51
She tries different ways of holding the hammer.
06:54
She tries again and again.
07:24
Oh.
07:32
During physical play,
07:34
children practice all sorts of learning strategies.
07:37
It encourages a can do attitude as motivation is high.
07:41
So they set their own goals.
07:43
Concentrate and persist even when things are hard.
07:47
These children are on their way
07:49
to acquiring dispositions
07:51
that will be valuable to them
07:52
in all aspects of their learning.

Transcript of video – Developing self-regulation through physical play

As babies, children start off being highly motivated to achieve physically. They’re born learners with innate psychological drives to become competent and autonomous. Leo really wants to become mobile and explore.

Ellen’s determined. She wants to learn to walk and needs something to pull herself up on. It takes time and after a number of weeks her muscles have matured and she finally manages to pull herself up. She needs to repeat things over and over again.

Lucia’s not easily put off by struggle or failure, she wants to become competent.

Arthur wants to be able to push the chair up the steps and master this tricky skill. Children like to set themselves challenges. ‘uh oh’ His brain is aware he needs to think about the strategy.

These very young children are learning difficult new physical skills in a playful way that’s under their own control. They’re focused on achieving their goals. They aren’t put off by the daunting task ahead of them or failure. They need to repeat things over and over until they’ve mastered them.

Niaz is highly motivated and is becoming very confident about the use of his body. His muscle strength is being built up and he’s becoming able to coordinate himself very well.

What’s good about his play is that he’s learning for himself how to develop his physical skills. This is called self-regulation, and is intrinsic to becoming independent as children become able to make their own decisions. Self regulating children learn because they want to, the motivation comes from with in themselves. It’s not dependent on external praise. This physical play is open ended and Niaz is setting his own goals. He’s constantly setting himself challenges. He’s developing what’s been described as a can do attitude. Persisting and trying again and again and not giving up are elements of this. Self regulation and a can do attitude are about children having the capacity to regulate their emotional response to difficulty.

This is difficult for Niaz but he doesn’t give up. He’s constantly trying different ways of placing his feet using his arm muscles as he tries slightly different strategies. Setting your own goals, persisting, finding new strategies and knowing what has worked are all attributes of effective learning.

Niaz is highly motivated here to succeed and achieve his goal. Supporting the development of self-regulation is about helping children understand ‘how’ they’ve learned something in an effective way. Nadine’s praise is specific, helping Niaz be aware of HOW he’s learning and progressing. Research shows how significant the development of self regulation is in becoming an effective learner for life. After trying again and again he’s now more competent and confident to know how to do it.

Seth is also persistent. His bike won’t move easily on the mud. He tries to peddle, he gets off and pulls, still no good, so he pulls from further down to get more leverage. When one thing isn’t working, trying out different ways of doing things is another tool for becoming an effective learner.

During physical play children practice all sorts of learning strategies. It encourages a ‘can do’ attitude as motivation is high, so they set their own goals, concentrate and persist even when things are hard. These children are on their way to acquiring dispositions that’ll be valuable to them in all aspects of their learning.