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Myelination, emotions and learning

With an animation and interview from Maria Robinson, we look at brain development at this age and how this links to Orson’s  emotional development and learning abilities. We  see Orson learning as he concentrates as he plays  with objects in a treasure basket.

Good for looking at

  • Brain development, neurones & myelination
  • Emotions and learning
  • Treasure baskets
  • Heuristic play
00:07
In the latter part of the firs year
00:10
we're going to see some really special skills
00:12
and abilities emerging.
00:14
Some very fundamental changes are going to happen,
00:18
but it's important to remember,
00:20
that all these changes are built on what's come before.
00:26
The changes we'll see are related
00:27
to further growth in the brain.
00:40
The neurons work on electrical impulses
00:43
and they are designed in a very special way.
00:47
They have receivers at the top of them.
00:50
And then they have what's like a tail,
00:52
which is the sender of information.
00:54
What happens over time and at different rates
00:57
in different parts of the brain,
00:59
is that those tails, those Axons
01:01
actually start to develop a little fatty sheath
01:05
that helps the information go down
01:08
them much, much faster.
01:09
This means that information is processed more quickly
01:12
and it takes time for this process to happen.
01:15
This explains why it takes children
01:18
often and babies a long time sometimes to actually
01:22
process the information that they're receiving
01:25
and then to respond.
01:27
A surge in the malination process
01:30
means Austin is beginning to react and learn more quickly,
01:33
but his emotional state also influences his reactions.
01:38
Emotions are intrinsically linked to learning.
01:42
We heard earlier about the chemical used in the brain
01:44
called cortisol and that in a crisis it shuts
01:47
down functions that are not needed.
01:50
Well this includes rational thinking and memory.
01:53
So when you're feeling stressed,
01:55
it's much harder to take in new things.
02:00
You have to be in the right state of mind
02:02
to play and learn.
02:04
What's wrong?
02:06
So regulating emotions is vital for enabling
02:21
positive learning.
02:23
Austin is positive and happy here,
02:26
and in a good state to concentrate and learn.
02:27
He's now able to sit unaided.
02:32
He's started to be able to grasp much more easily,
02:36
and is becoming highly motivated to find out about objects.
02:38
He spends much time experimenting to find
02:42
out about the physical world around him.
02:51
His basket is filled with everyday household objects.
02:53
He's still using his sensitive mouth
02:54
together with his hands to find out
02:56
all he can about the objects.
03:08
He holds, mouths, shakes and looks carefully at one
03:10
object after another.
03:23
Hello.
03:27
That makes a good noise.
03:33
This doesn't make a noise, lets put it down.
03:44
This makes a crackly noise,
03:47
it looks interesting.
03:55
It feels smooth in my mouth.
03:58
That one's soft.
04:04
He's using his physical skills
04:07
and all of his senses to find out