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Strength, co-ordination, space and movement

By 4 months, Orson’s movements are beginning to have some co-ordination. As his neck muscles strengthen and he is now able to support the weight of his own head which leads to the next stage of his developmental movement. In this chapter we look at how Mum and Dad encourage and support Orson’s physical development together with  information about what's happening in the brain.

Good for looking at

  • Gross motor development
  • Brain development
  • Babies
  • Parents
00:04
What happens during
00:05
the first few months of life?
00:07
Is it the baby is settling down to life outside the womb.
00:12
He's learning that his basic needs
00:13
will be met by the people around him.
00:17
If we think of Maslow's hierarchy of needs,
00:20
It's as if his physiological and safety needs have been met.
00:23
And so now he can start reaching out
00:25
further into the wider world,
00:27
and explore his surroundings
00:29
and get to know his carers, even better.
00:40
By four months,
00:41
Olsen's movements are becoming more coordinated.
00:45
Physical development has a strong
00:47
innate biological timeframe.
00:50
But each milestone depends
00:52
upon the previous one being in place.
00:55
For instance, to be able to lift his upper body,
00:58
he must be able to hold his head up.
01:00
So mom gives him lots of encouragement
01:02
and opportunity to practice.
01:04
Hello,
01:13
Dad copies Olsen's movements.
01:19
By playing games,
01:20
he's learning about the different parts of his body.
01:23
So that he knows where bits are in relation to each other,
01:37
you kicking daddy,
01:38
do you wanna miss out?
01:40
Come sit with me, stand! Ooop!
01:46
Stand up not sitting down.
01:48
Olsen is now really confident
01:50
to keeping his head and upper body up,
01:52
and can now start concentrating
01:54
on physical skills further down the body.
01:57
Sitting up involves balancing,
01:59
and he'll have a few tumbles before
02:01
he can manage it confidently.
02:07
Yep, sitting up like a big boy.
02:15
Yeey, need to come to Daddy,
02:18
Gradually, his actions
02:19
are becoming more integrated.
02:22
Here, he could look at his mom,
02:24
pull his body up and smile all very smoothly.
02:31
What else can you say?
02:32
And you fill the pictures down there?
02:36
You are a quick learner, oh yeah.
02:38
Now he has more control of his upper body.
02:41
He can combine this with leg movements
02:43
to start moving around.
02:49
He needs repetition to learn about muscle sense,
02:51
joint position and movement.
02:57
A Constant repetition of a task,
02:59
coordinates his sensory more to development.
03:03
The density of neuron connections increases.
03:13
Is this sort of learning through repetition,
03:16
that strengthens the memory for the task,
03:18
and has a direct effect on the anatomy
03:20
of the brains neurons and structure.