Mathematical concepts such as number, space, shapes and measurement can be embedded as children play and help out with practical activities. Adult directed activities can be playful and engaging, encouraging children to try out new thinking.
As children play they compare sizes, position and weights. Some of children’s schemas such as positioning and enclosing link into their mathematical thinking.
Counting and number starts with understanding one to one correspondence, moving on to an interest in large numbers and estimating amounts. Children gradually begin to calculate by adding and taking away, sharing and solving problems.